Hemiplegic Migraine

 

MAGNUM teams with Help for Headaches and Migraine to bring you this article:

What Is Hemiplegic Migraine?
 

by health writer and patient advocate Teri Robert

To understand Hemiplegic Migraine, we have to understand that Migraine attacks are episodic manifestations of a genetic neurological disease. Migraine can present in a variety of ways. Hemiplegic Migraine is a rare form of Migraine, made more confusing by there being two variations: Familial Hemiplegic Migraine (FHM) and Sporadic Hemiplegic Migraine (SHM).

Both FHM and SHM often begin in childhood and cease during adult years. Diagnosing FHM and SHM can be difficult as the symptoms are also indicative of vascular disease. and can be thought to be stroke, epilepsy, or other conditions. A full neurological work up and careful review of medical history and symptoms are necessary to rule out other causes and confirm a diagnosis of FHM or SHM. Family medical history is especially helpful in diagnosing FHM.

FHM and SHM share the same symptoms, which will vary among different Migraineurs. The difference between the two is that FHM can be traced back in the family history and has been linked to mutations of specific genes on chromosomes 1 and 19. SHM is FHM without the familial connection and that particular genetic mutation...

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